Cohesive Element Timestep

Cohesive material models are well suited for representing the behavior of structural and non-structural adhesives that is now increasingly used. To accommodate extreme dimensions of the element such as zero volume or near-zero volume, the timestep of the Cohesive element is based on the characteristic stiffness and mass of the element instead of the characteristic…

March 11, 2014 | by

*RIGIDWALL_{DISPLAY} option

Rigidwalls are analytical representations of surfaces or volumes that are frequently used to represent stiff structures that are either stationary or in motion. Viewing of such analytical definitions in D3PLOTs were not possible for most rigidwalls. A new option in LS-DYNA named DISPLAY that can now be used to any *RIGIDWALL definitions which causes LS-DYNA…

May 3, 2010 | by

Mass calculations for Discrete Beams

Discrete beams, like discrete springs, require valid mass at the nodes to compute the timestep. Unlike continuum based elements, the length of the discrete beams, are not used in the timestep calculations. Hence realistic density in the discrete beam material model must be used. There are two methods this can be achived. Density (RHO) in…

May 13, 2009 | by

Membrane Thinning in Shell Elements

In 2D shell elements, the stress in the normal (fiber) direction is iteratively reduced to zero to meet the plane-stress condition. The strains are however nonzero in the fiber direction and will be linear though the thickness. Under membrane straining, LS-DYNA allows an option to account for the reduction in the shell thickness in the…

November 4, 2007 | by

Mesh Refinement Studies Involving Shell Elements

In many situations, we tend to change the mesh density to study its effect on simulation responses. Two issues things that are seldom addressed are the contact thickness and the mass-scaling which blend in with the true effects of the mesh refinement. As stated in some of the earlier posts, LS-DYNA computes the contact thickness…

August 28, 2007 | by

DKT Triangular Shell for Crash

Default element sorting for 3-noded shell elements uses the collapsed BT formulation which is not recommended but is maintained for backward compatibility. The first option that LS-DYNA offers is to sort these elements to use a C0 triangular shell formulation which may provide better answers than the default formulation. LS-DYNA 971 (R3 and later) now…

August 27, 2007 | by

Bulk Viscosity for Shells and Solids in LS-DYNA

In any wave propagation code, such as LS-DYNA, which belongs to a family of ‘Hydro’ codes, bulk viscosity is essential to treat shocks. Smooth initial data can lead into shock discontinuities and if left untreated can result in severe instabilities. LS-DYNA has the capability (performed by default) to automatically detect the shocks and treat them…

January 26, 2007 | by

Modeling Symmetric/Unsymmetric NonLinear Discrete Springs

Discrete springs provide a easy way to model complicated systems by using their responses in the material definitions. This post brings attention to the way LS-DYNA handles the default behavior in tension or compress when the material input does not pass through the origin (0,0) but simply begins from origin. When only one of either…

October 20, 2006 | by

Overview of Mass-Scaling in LS-DYNA

Mass-scaling is a term that is used for the process of scaling the element’s mass in explicit simulations to adjust its timestep. The primary motivation is to change (usually increase) the global compute timestep which is limited by the Courant’s stability criteria. LS-DYNA allows two different types of mass-scaling using the DT2MS parameter from *CONTROL_TIMESTEP…

October 2, 2006 | by

Number of Shell History Variables in *INTERFACE_SPRINGBACK

*INTERFACE_SPRINGBACK provides an easy way to store a part’s state at the end of a simulation for later use. The part’s state consists of element history variables such as stress and strain tensor (in the form of *INITIAL_STRESS/*INITIAL_STRAIN) and also nodal values such as its final coordinates (*NODE). Optionally, when using the THICKNESS option, it…

September 19, 2006 | by